Before purchasing a firearm or carrying a gun into another state, be sure to check local laws, as different states have different takes on gun regulation.

This includes reciprocal laws for Concealed Carry and other examples.

US Gun Laws

US federal laws on gun regulation are practiced across the country, with some states offering a variation on the law.

In addition, laws vary depending on the type of gun (e.g. handgun or long gun) in question.


Some states require a license or permit for anyone who sells firearms. In addition, certain states, such as California, prohibit anyone who is not a licensed dealer from selling firearms.

This means private parties will not be allowed to deal with the sale of firearms unless they go through a licensed dealer.

When it comes to selling in gun shows, some states require background checks and other additional requirements for sellers.


Some states, such as Hawaii and New York, require gun purchasers to obtain a permit. A background check is a common requirement in some states for anyone who wishes to buy a gun.

Open and Concealed Carry

Open carry means the firearm is carried in plain sight, while concealed carry means possessing the gun, but it is hidden from view.

Most states allow open and concealed carry of guns, but some require a permit or license.

Be sure to check the specific regulation for your gun type as it differs from state to state.

Usual areas with additional requirements and prohibitions include worship venues, hospitals, sports venues, college campuses, and any place that serves alcohol.

Safety and Stolen Guns

Some states require a locking device when transferring or selling guns. When it comes to stolen or missing guns, it is mandatory in some states to report them.

Even when it is not mandatory, it is the responsible thing to do as a legal gun owner, as stolen and missing guns are more often than not used by criminals and become an easy target for gun grabbers.